Road ecology blog: Wildlife underpasses, fences and jump-outs, US Hwy 95, Bonners Ferry, Idaho, USA
Image below: Fernanda Abra investigates a wildlife underpass.
Image below: Fernanda Abra identifies wildlife tracks inside an underpass.
Image below: Rocks can provide cover for small mammals, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates inside underpasses.
Image below: Wildlife trail leading to and from an underpass.
Image below: wildlife trail leading to underpass.
Cover at entrance of wildlife underpass.
Image below: Fernanda Abra climbs a wildlife fence.
Image below: A tight connection between the wildlife fence and the wing wall of an underpass is important.
Image below: A gap under the fence at what seems to be a seasonal stream.
Image below: these rocks seem to be intended to reduce the visibility of the wildlife fence from the road and reduce the effect of the wildlife fence on landscape aesthetics.
Image below: wildlife fence.
Image below: concrete retaining wall of a wildlife jump-out.